KARATAY CARAVANSERAI

Celâleddin Karatay was included in the ruling class during the Seljuk period of Turkey and established foundations in various fields with the approval of the Sultan in order to carry out many public services in the society. Karatay Caravanserai is one of his foundation works and is the earliest date (1240–1241) It lies within the boundaries of the village of “Karadayı” (Karatay), which is called by the name of the foundation founder in Bunyan. The Karatay Caravanserai is divided into two parts, front and rear. On the inner and outer doors are two cattle fattening. According to this; The rear part was built before 1237 during the time of Alaeddin Keykubad II. It is understood that other part was built between 1240–1241. In both incriptions, the title of Celâleddin Karatay is mentioned. Karatay Caravanserai was the place where the high–ranking state officials were welcomed with passengers from various regions during the period.

In the Karatay Inn, the courtyard portal overflowed from the front and kept very high attention with its geometric and plant motif borders as well as especially human and animal portraits. Beyond the ornaments, these figures, concealed in the folds of plants, bear symbolic meanings that protect them from the evil and the evil that extend to Central Asian shamanic traditions. On one end of the plant–motifed bordery that surrounds the mukarnas culmination of the door, there are mutually two lions and two female reliefs, and on the other end are bulls and human heads.

On both sides of the corner pillars were decorated birds and lion bowls, two boards on the inner side of the niche, and two sirens embossed between the rim folds. One of the two cherubs on the entrance floor is a winged lion, and the other is a human figure crouching in the middle of two bull embossments. In historical sources, there were places in the caravanserai that responded to the needs of the residents such as summer–winter spaces, baths, hospitals, medicines, bed and dinner sets, stables.

Even in the XIV century, merchants and European travelers praised this inn with ornate rumors. Karatay Caravanserai, like other Seljuk inns, has made a significant contribution to the development of trade. About eight years after the construction of the caravanserai, houses were built that brought rent with 15 shops around. It is known that the Seljuk caravanserais constitute the infrastructure for the settlement. The foundation of today's Karadayı village is the inhabited houses and shops.