Kültepe,where documents dating back to 6000 years have been unearthed, is 24 km away from the center of Kayseri.In Kültepe Ören, where the ruins of the first city was founded by the Hittites in Anatolia, and which is surrounded by the tumulus Karum,ruins of administrative buildings, religious buildings, houses, shops and workshops can be seen.
The center of the great trade colonies established by theAssyrians were Karum in Kültepe, it ruled the other karums. Kültepe stands out with its first written tablets in Anatolia and as the world's first organized trade center.These tablets, written in Assyrian cuneiform, contain letters, promissory notes, seals, and treaty texts showing the political and legal relations of the period. These tablets were included in the Unesco World Memory list in 2015.
Kültepe, which has strategic importance on the trade route, has maintained this feature for hundreds of years. Kültepe has been known since 1871 when the cuneiform documents, which are known as Cappadocian tablets, were first scattered throughout the world museums and antiquities markets.Karum, one of the most important parts of Kültepe, was discovered in 1925. Since 1948, excavations have been carried out on behalf of the Turkish Historical Society and the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage and Museums.The Works and findings of the Assyrian, Hittite, Hellenic, Roman, Persian and Tabal periods were unearthed in Kültepe. These Works are exhibited in the Kayseri Archaeology Museum.